Several different applications for the turbocharger have been used since its invention in the early 1900's. The advent of diesel turbochargers in automobiles was not in motion until the late 1930's and then it wasn't until the early 1960's until the late 1970's that turbochargers were really placed into nearly every diesel powered automobile. Ever since then, the diesel turbocharger has been used to increase the density of the air flow that makes its way into the engine through the power of a compressor that is usually powered by the vehicle's own exhaust gases. This process helps to recycle waste that is created by the vehicle to produce more power output.
A turbine and compressor on a shared shaft make up the turbocharger. By converting the exhaust gasses into rotational force, the compressor is driven into the intake manifold once the ambient air is pumped. This action allows the intake manifold to increase in pressure which in turn provides more air to be drawn in with each pass that the engine cylinders make. This process helps to eliminate the cardinal limitations of the naturally aspirated vehicle through the cylinder strokes. The increase in volume of air helps to run the combustion process by providing a larger amount of clean air than would normally be drawn in while the vehicle is moving on its own.
There are four main components of a diesel turbocharger that must work together to ensure that the right amount of air is being drawn into the vehicle depending on the amount of exhaust the vehicle expels. When this is working in harmony, the vehicle will run at a better and more efficient optimal power than if the vehicle was left to work under normal atmospheric pressures for the combustion process. The larger amount of power can allow the vehicle to perform much better with more strength because of the increase in specific power. The power to weight ratio is also altered and it dramatically improves the efficiency of the vehicle compared to the increasingly rarer non turbocharged diesel automobiles.
Dirty or ineffective oil can really damage the diesel turbochargers because it uses a large amount of oil while running. The diesel turbocharger can also be damaged if the engine is cut off too fast before letting the oils in the turbocharger return to normal flow. Rapid cutoff of engine can cause the oil to back up or become damaging when over compressed because of improper care of the vehicle when a turbocharger is in use. The proper process calls for the engine to idle for up to 3 minutes after strenuous use of the turbocharger in the vehicle. Bearing damage in the turbocharger is also possible after the engine is cut off due to oil pressure causes.
Replacing a diesel turbocharger may be necessary at some point and it is important that you get the right parts for the replacement. It is also recommended that you have a professional install and calibrate the replacement diesel turbocharger to prevent damage to your automobile. The highest quality parts are available online through various retailers. You can be sure to look for the exact part number of your diesel turbocharger to get a compatible replacement part. You could also look into upgrading to a much better alternative diesel turbocharger to ensure that you get the best use out of your parts. Making sure to perform an entire vehicle tune up and to keep the oil cleaner with regular oil changes is a must to help prevent damage to your new diesel turbocharger replacement.